Glossary

Cutting a Cabochon
As a new member you may learn cabbing by cutting a minimum of
3 (three) cabochons.  This process allows a certain ’settling in’ time where you will learn rules and techniques that will be common throughout the club in other areas, should you wish to explore the art of lapidary further into the following:  

Faceting
Facets are flat faces on geometric shapes, with varying numbers of angled facets on the top (crown) to form a faceted dome, the ideal product of faceting is  a gemstone that displays ‘brilliance’ or light reflection qualities.  Usually transparent gems are faceted however some opaque materials can be faceted as well producing a flat reflection.  

Silverwork/Silver Smithing
Usually work is created in silver metal however work can be produced using brass, copper and gold also.  The art of silverwork is to take a piece of metal and manipulate into a creative item via the means of cutting, hammering, doming, soldering, filing and polishing.


Carving
Important to many cultures throughout the world, the art form of manipulating a shape into animal bone (or stone) to create a figurine or meaningful symbol has great significance.  Today, carving of bone or stone items can be simply for pleasure and creativity purposes. Other forms of lapidary related to carving are ‘scrimshaw’ and ‘intaglio/sunken relief’.
    

Gem Trees
The art of styling wire to replicate species of trees, gluing on small tumbled gem stones to represent flowers and leaves and then twisting the balance of the wire at the bottom to make tree roots and mould onto the base and decorate.

  

Mineral Collecting/Micromounts
Whether it starts at a gem show by purchasing an item, collecting a specimen whilst fossicking or being given a mineral, the hobby of collecting micromount gems and discovering the crystalised world within can be an amazing adventure.   

Common Lapidary Terms Explained

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